Achilles Tendonitis
More common among athletes training under less than ideal conditions. There are two types of this condition, tendonitis–the inflammation of the tendon, and Tendonosis–tiny tears in the tissue around the tendon. Caused by overuse of the affected limb.


Arthritis
There are over 100 types of arthritis pain. It is the body’s natural reaction to disease and includes swelling, pain and stiffness. Joint inflammation can last for a very long time or keep coming back, leading to tissue damage resulting in arthritis. A joint is where two or more bones come together, such as a hip or knee. Osteoarthritis – The cartilage loses its elasticity. If the cartilage is stiff it becomes damaged more easily. The cartilage which acts as a shock absorber, will gradually wear away in some areas. As the cartilage becomes damaged tendons and ligaments become stretched, causing pain. Eventually the bones may rub against each other causing very severe pain. Rheumatoid Arthritis – Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease in which your body’s immune system – which protects your health by attacking foreign substances like bacteria and viruses – mistakenly attacks your joints. The abnormal immune response causes inflammation that can damage joints and organs, such as the heart. is significantly more common in women than men and generally strikes when the patient is aged between 40 and 60. However, children and much older people may also be affected.


Back Pain & Spinal Conditions
Spinal stenosis is when the spinal canal narrows and compresses the spinal cord and nerves. Low back pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder that can affect up to 80% of people at some point in their lives. Neuropathy is a disease or dysfunction of one or more peripheral nerves.


Bursitis
Inflammation or irritation of the bursa. The bursa is a sac filled with lubricating fluid, located between tissues such as bone, muscle, tendons, and skin that decrease rubbing, friction and irritation. Bursitis can be caused by an injury, an infection, or a pre-existing condition in which crystals can form in the bursa.


Carpal Tunnel
Occurs when the median nerve is compressed because of swelling of the nerve or tendons or both. The median nerve provides sensation to the palm side of the thumb, index, middle finger, and the inside half of the ring finger. Cause of disease is associated with any condition that causes pressure on the median nerve at the wrist.


Fibromyalgia
Widespread pain in the muscles and soft tissues above and below the waist and on both sides of the body. People with fibromyalgia feel pain, tenderness, or both even when there is not injury or inflammation. Fibromyalgia can cause long-lasting (chronic) pain. It has no cure. No one knows for sure what causes fibromyalgia. But experts have some ideas such as: Nerve cells may be too sensitive, chemicals in the brain (neurotransmitters) may be out of balance, the deep phase of sleep may be disrupted and affect the amount of hormones that your body releases.


Herniated Disc
Occurs when a disc, which acts as a cushion between the bones in the spine, is damaged from an injury, normal wear and tear, or disease. This damage may cause the disc to bulge or rupture. There is a difference between a herniated and a bulging disc. A bulging disc is “contained” This means no tear or rupture is present within the outer layer of the disc. A small “bubble” protrudes into the spinal canal. No portion of the nucleus pulpous has leaked out of the disc. A herniated disc is “non-contained,” which means a tear or rupture is present. A portion of the gel-like nucleus pulpous has leaked into the spinal canal. A herniated disc might have begun as a bulging disc that created so much pressure on the outer wall of the disc that a rupture has occurred.


Knee Pain
The knee is a joint which has three parts. The femur (thigh bone) meets the large tibia (shin bone) forming the patella (knee cap). This joint has an inner medial and outer lateral compartment. The kneecap (patella) joins the femur to form a third joint, called the patellofemoral joint. Cause of disease is degeneration of the cartilage of the knee.


Migraines
There are different types of headaches such as a tension headache or a sinus headache. Migraine symptoms may include nausea, vomiting and light sensitivity. Caused by allergies and allergic reactions, bright lights, loud noises and sensitivity to odors, physical or emotional stress, changes in sleep patterns or irregular sleep, smoking or exposure to smoke, skipping meals or fasting, and alcohol.


MusculoSkeletal Pain
Pain that affects the muscles, ligaments, tendons, and bones. Symptoms include pain, fatigue and sleep disturbances. Cause: Muscle tissue damaged by the wear and tear of daily activities.


Peripheral Neuropathy
Refers to the conditions that result when nerves that connect to the brain and spinal cord from the rest of the body are damaged or diseased. The peripheral nerves make up an intricate network that connects the brain and spinal cord to muscles, skin, and internal organs. Peripheral nerves come out of the spinal cord and are arranged along lines in the body called dermatomes, which can be tracked to specific areas of the body. Damage to these nerves interrupts communication between the brain and other parts of the body and can impair muscle movement, prevent normal sensation in the arms and legs, and cause pain.


Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar Fasciitis is inflammation of the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot. This tissue is called the plantar fascia. It connects the heel bow to the toes and creates the arch of the foot. Plantar Fasciitis occurs when the thick band of tissue on the bottom of the foot is overstretched or overused. This can be painful and make walking more difficult.


Post Surgical Healing
After surgery it is common to feel pain in the area that was affected by surgery.


Rotator Cuff
The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that cover the top of your upper arm bone and assist in rotating the shoulder. A rotator cuff injury, which is fairly common, involves any type of irritation or damage to your rotator cuff muscles or tendons. Tendonitis, a result of inflammation due to overuse, usually overhead activities, such as tennis or racquetball. Bursitis, a fluid-filled sac (bursa) between your shoulder joint and rotator cuff. Strain or tear, left untreated, tendonitis can weaken a tendon and lead to chronic tendon degeneration or to a tendon tear. Stress from overuse may cause a shoulder tendon or muscle to tear. Calcium buildup in the tendons causes a painful condition called calcific tendonitis.


Scar Tissue Pain
The connective tissue that forms in new scars consists of fibroblasts, old scars consist of collagen fibers. Caused by Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS), a group of more than 10 disorders characterized by over-flexible joints, stretchy skin, and abnormal growth of scar tissue. Symptoms can range from mild to disabling. Depending on the specific form of EDS, other symptoms may include a curved spine, weak blood vessels, bleeding gums and problems with the lungs, hear valves, or digestion. It can also be caused by Epidermolysis bullosa (EB). People with EB have skin that is so fragile that it tears or blisters as a result of a minor bump, stumble, or even friction from clothing. Some forms of EB may involve the digestive tract, the respiratory tract, the muscles, or the bladder. Caused by defects of several proteins in the skin, EB is usually evident at birth.


Soft Tissue Injuries
Tissues that connect support, or surround other structures and organs of the body, not being bone. Soft tissue includes tendons, ligaments, fascia, skin, fibrous tissues fat, and synovial membranes which are connective tissue, and muscles, nerves and blood vessels. Caused by an acute traumatic event.


Sports Injuries
Caused by injury while playing sports.


Strains & Sprains
Occurs when ligaments twist or overstretch. This typically happens in an ankle, wrist or other joint. Caused by walking or exercising on an uneven surface, knee pivoting incorrectly during an athletic activity, wrist injury form landing on an outstretched hand during a fall, and thumb injury from skiing or playing racquet sports.


Tennis Elbow
Overuse of arm, forearm, and hand muscles that results in elbow pain. Tennis elbow is caused by either abrupt or subtle injury of the muscle and tendon area around the outside of the elbow. Symptoms include pain slowly increasing around the outside of the elbow or pain may develop suddenly when shaking hands or squeezing objects. Caused by repetitive movement in the tendon.